The Independence Day of India
It is celebrated annually on 15 August. On this day in 1947, the citizens of India gained independence from the British government. It is an Indian national day.
Every year on this day the Prime Minister of India speaks to the country on the walls of the Red Fort. On August 15, 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister, unveiled the Indian National Flag above the Lahori Gate at Red Fort in Delhi. In the Indian liberation struggle under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, the people played a key role in the non-violent protests and disobedient civil society organizations. After independence, British India was divided religiously, with the expansion of India and Pakistan. After the breakup, violent outbreaks erupted in both countries and there were numerous instances of civil unrest. Never before in human history has there been so much migration as a result of segregation. This number was around 1.45 crore. According to the 1951 Census of India, 72,26,000 Muslims left India for Pakistan soon after the separation and 72,49,000 Hindus and Sikhs left Pakistan for India.
The day is celebrated throughout India with flag-raising ceremonies, protests, and cultural events. Indians celebrate this day by displaying the national flag on their clothes, personal belongings, homes, and cars and watching patriotic movies, listening to patriotic songs with family and friends.
European merchants began building the area on the Indian subcontinent from the 17th century. Enhancing its military power, the East India Company established itself by conquering local provinces in the late 18th century. After the First Indian War of 1857, according to the Indian Government Act 1858, the direct Indian suzerainty went to the British Crown, that is, the British empire. Decades later, the population grew slowly and this led to the formation of the Indian National Congress (INC) in 1885. The period following the First World War is known as the British Reforms era, which includes the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms, but it is also seen as an act of repression like the Rowlatt Act, which led to the independence of the Indian government. done. This has led to the emergence of non-cooperation and the movement of civil disobedience and nonviolent organizations across the country under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.
British law underwent a gradual change during the 1930s; Congress won the next election. The next decade was marred by political turmoil: India’s participation in World War II, the final resolution of Congress’s non-alignment, and the rise of Islamic nationalism by the All India Muslim League. During independence in 1947, the political climate was tense. The continent’s festivities culminated in the separation of India and Pakistan.
Independence day before independence
At the Lahore Summit of 1929, the Indian National Congress declared the Indian people committed to committing public disobedience and following the Purna Swaraj orders and declared January 26 as Republic Day. Congress questioned the dead Congressmen who were released from time to time until complete freedom was achieved.
Such Independence Day celebrations were designed to fuel nationalism among Indian citizens and to compel the British government to consider granting independence.
Congress scheduled January 26 between 1930 and 1950. Jawaharlal Nehru explained in his history that such meetings were dignified, without speech or sermon. Gandhiji said apart from the meetings, the day should be used to do constructive work such as spinning or spinning or reuniting Hindus with Muslims or the work of banning, or working for those who may not be contacted. After the de facto independence in 1947, the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950; Since then January 26 is celebrated as Republic Day.
In 1946, the British government’s treasurer-general was in a state of disarray after World War II. He then realized that he did not have the authority to promote it as Independence Day. In this case, people used to take the oath of allegiance toefl the name or the support of the whole world. As a result, they once again lost the credibility of the Indian subcontinent. In February 1947, Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced that the British government would give full control of British India from June 1948. Lord Mountbatten, the last Viceroy, postponed the transfer because he felt the ongoing conflict between Congress and the Muslim League could lead to the collapse of the Interim Government. He chose August 15, the second anniversary of Japan’s commitment to World War II, as a day of devolution. The British government adopted the idea of separating British India into two provinces on June 3, 1947, and announced that the next governments would be given independent sovereignty and the full right to separate themselves from the British Commonwealth.
According to the Indian Independence Act 1947 (10 and 11 Geo 6 c. 30) of the United Kingdom Parliament, from 15 August 1947, British India (now including Bangladesh) was divided into two new independent colonies called India and Pakistan. and new member states Conference attendees were given full constitutional rights. On 18 July 1947, this act was granted royal permission.
Freedom and segregation
August 15, 1947, at 08.30 am – The swearing-in ceremony of Governor-General and Minister at Government House
09.40 am – Departure of the Council and the Minister
09.50 am – State Drive to Constituent Assembly
09.55am – To pay homage to the Emperor-General
10.30 am – Removal of the national flag from the Coalition Council
10.35 am – State Drive to State House
06.00 PM – Flag Festival at India Gate
07:00 pm – Prakash
07:45 pm – Aatish Baazi performance
08:45 pm – Official dinner at Government House
10.15 pm – Welcome to State House
Schedule for the day 15 August 1947
Lakhs Muslim, Sikh, and Hindu refugees marched across new frontiers that had been set up after independence. There has been widespread bloodshed in the Punjab, where borders separate Sikh areas, violence erupted in Bengal and Bihar, but the presence of Mahatma Gandhi has reduced civil unrest. Between 250,000 and 1 million people were killed in the violence on both sides of the new border. While the country was celebrating Independence Day, Gandhiji stopped in Calcutta to try to stop the massacre, but on August 14, 1947, Pakistan’s Independence Day was declared and a new country called Pakistan was established; Muhammad Ali Jinnah was sworn in as the first General Ruler in Karachi.
The Constituent Assembly of India held its fifth meeting on August 14 at 11 a.m. at the Constitution Hall in New Delhi. The session was hosted by President Rajendra Prasad. Meanwhile, Jawaharlal Nehru, proclaiming India’s independence, delivered a speech called Try with Destiny.
Members of the Sabha have officially vowed to serve the country. A group of women representing Indian women officially presented the national flag at a rally. Official ceremonies took place in New Delhi after which India became an independent country. Nehru took over as prime minister, and Viceroy Lord Mountbatten took over as prime minister. People celebrated the event in the name of Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi himself, however, did not take part in the official events. Instead, he spoke to a crowd in Calcutta to promote peace between Hindus and Muslims, during which he observed a 24-hour fast.
On August 15, 1947, at 11:00 am, the Constituent Assembly began celebrating India’s independence, in which rights were transferred. When the hour of the night came, India gained its independence and became an independent nation.