Kadambini Ganguly The First Female Doctor Of India
Friends, Today is the 160th birthday of Doctor Kadambini Ganguly, And this article is for her.
Kadambini Ganguly 18 July 1861 – 3 October 1923 was one of the first Indian female doctors to study Western medicine, as well as other pioneer women like Anandibai Joshi. Ganguly was the first woman to be admitted to Calcutta Medical College in 1884, trained in Scotland, and established an effective medical procedure in India.
The daughter of Brahmo reformer Braja Kishore Basu was born on July 18, 1861, in Bhagalpur, Bihar in Britain, India. The family was from Chandsi, Barisal now in Bangladesh. Her father was the principal of Bhagalpur school. She and Abhay Charan Mallick started a women’s liberation movement in Bhagalpur, founded the Bhagalpur Mahila Samiti women’s movement in 1863, the first in India.
Although she came from a senior Bengali community that did not support women’s education, Kadambini began her education at Banga Mahila Vidyalaya, and while at Bethune School (founded by Bethune) in 1878 she became the first woman to pass entrance exams at the University of Calcutta. In part, it was in recognition of his efforts that Bethune College first introduced the FA (First Art), and then graduated in 1883. She and Chandramukhi Basu were the first to graduate from Bethune College, and later they became the first women graduates in the country and throughout the British Empire.
Before graduating from school Kadambini chose to go to a clinical school. Madras Medical College had first admitted female students in 1875, while Calcutta Medical College (CMC) did not allow any women to enter. Dwarkanath and Kadambini Ganguly are committed to changing this level! They fought the business as usual, and Kadambini turned into a big lady at any time to break up the CMC in 1884. He even got a partnership with Rs. 20 / month from community authorities
Kadambini joined the medical college on June 23, 1883, despite strong criticism from the anti-women’s rights movement. She has received a bursary of Rs 15 for two years. In 1886, she was awarded the GBMC and became the first female doctor to perform a doctorate in the Western Hemisphere throughout South Asia. This drew the attention of Florence Nightingale, who in 1888 wrote to her friend asking for more information about Ganguly.
This has been a remarkable victory for women’s education efforts in the country. However, the possibility of a woman becoming an expert is not invited by the cultural community. Indeed, even half of the CMC teachers were dissatisfied with the inclusion of women! To the extent that one teacher does not allow Kadambini to pass one of her subjects. As a result, instead of MB degrees, Kadambini was awarded a degree from the Medical College of Bengal (GMCB) degree in 1886.
That same year Kadambini Ganguly was admitted to Lady Dufferin Women’s Hospital, Calcutta. Be that as it may, there was nothing but an interesting encounter as she felt humiliated by individual experts, as she did not have an MB degree. she soon realized that he needed a lot of skill to get praise from his friends. She traveled to England in 1893 and obtained a three-fold certificate from the Licentiate of the College of Physicians, Edinburg (LRCP), Licentiate of the College of Surgeons, Glasgow (LRCS), and a Licentiate of the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons, Dublin (LFPS). ) from Scotland College. On her return, She was promoted to a high-tech position and similarly began to maintain a prosperous private system.
In 1893, she went to Edinburgh, where she studied at the Edinburgh College of Medicine for Women. With a few previous degrees, Ganguly was able to obtain a ‘three-time diploma’ in a short period of time, licensed as LRCP (Edinburgh), LRCS (Glasgow), and GFPS (Dublin). She visited Nepal in 1895 to successfully treat the mother of the reigning Nepalese king, Dev Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana.
Ganguly was an active campaign for social change in India. She was one of six women delegates at the fifth Indian National Congress in 1889 and organized the 1906 Women’s Conference in Calcutta after the Bengal Division. Ganguly also succeeded in pressuring Calcutta Medical College to allow women as students.
Before graduating from school Kadambini chose to go to a clinical school. Madras Medical College had first admitted female students in 1875, while Calcutta Medical College (CMC) did not allow any women to enter. Dwarkanath and Kadambini Ganguly are committed to changing this level! They fought the business as usual, and Kadambini turned into a big lady at any time to break up the CMC in 1884. He even got a partnership with Rs. 20 / month from a public authority.
Kadambini Ganguly married Dwarakanath Ganguly on June 12, 1883, 11 days before joining Calcutta Medical College. As a mother of eight, she had to devote more time to her family affairs. She could sew well
American historian David Kopf notes that Ganguly was “the most successful and liberal Brahmo woman of her time”, and her relationship with her husband Dwarkanath Ganguly was “extraordinary in love, harmony, and wisdom.” Kopf said Ganguly was also very unusual for the liberated women of the Bengali community of that time, and that “her ability to rise above certain conditions and see his strength as a man-made him attracted to Sadharan Brahmos for his dedication to the liberation of Bengal women.”
Ganguly passed away on October 3, 1923, after a long day of work.
She was widely criticized by the anti-feminist movement. After returning to India and campaigning for women’s rights endlessly, she was indirectly called a ‘prostitute’ in Bangabashi magazine, but that did not deter her from her determination. Her husband Dwarkanath Ganguly appealed to the court and won a six-month prison sentence handed down to editor Mahesh Pal.