Elon musk neuralink brain chip has been working on a large neural interface project since 2016. A paralyzed person can use a smartphone with just their brain, without using their hands, faster than a normal person who does it with fingers or thumbs.
A proof-of-concept video was recently released showing a nine-year-old monkey playing a game of pong on a computer A monkey learned to play a game using a joystick but even after disconnecting the joystick, The monkey was seen successfully playing the game through his mind.
Elon Musk neuralink brain chip
and how can the signal generated in the brain be read and transmitted to the computer?
What is the Neuralink project and how will it turn a paralyzed person’s thoughts into action?
What medical and scientific revolution could the Neuralink project bring?
The answers to all these interesting questions are the subject of our video today.NeuralLink is currently developing two different devices. This device is a brain chip called a “link”.The chip would be implanted in the human skull
electrodes connected by thin wires attached to the chip will be threaded into the brain
which is able to record a person’s brain activity.
On the other hand, this company is developing a robot that can automatically implant this chip into the human brain
The robot uses a needle to implant fine, flexible wires from a Neuralink chip into a person’s brain.
This revolutionary Neuralink project aims to fulfil three stated goals
Number two and the mid-term goal is to create a brain-machine interface
That is, to connect the human brain with the computer and enable them to communicate with each other.
The third and long-term goal is to create coexistence between humans and machines powered by artificial intelligence.
Friends, Elon Musk considers artificial intelligence to be a threat to humanity in the future.
Because the learning ability of computers is much higher than that of humans
they think that over time, artificial machines will become more intelligent and powerful than humans. So they become a threat to the existence of humanity.
He explained that when building a road, we destroy ant houses along the way. But we’re building a road right now, and ants and their colonies are being destroyed along the way.
We don’t want to kill them
According to Musk, humans will be like ants in front of artificial machines in the future.
Therefore, it is essential to maintain moderation and equality between humans and AI machines. said the Neuralink project’s computing power could enable humans to compete with rapidly developing artificial intelligence (AI)
But with this new announcement, researchers have also turned their attention to helping people with mental illness through technology. And so the project was formally launched to achieve many medical and scientific goals. Friends, to understand the workings of this brain chip and the Neuralink project. Here it is important to understand the fascinating science behind the human brain.
Any action or work done by our body is the result of a process going on in our minds.
The human brain is considered to be the most complex biological structure to date.
Scientists are constantly researching in its various fields but despite such scientific advances, we are still unable to fully understand the human mind. The brain is an important part of our nervous system. Our nervous system detects what is happening in our body
and decides how we should react in a given situation. The human brain contains neurons
that send electrical and chemical signals to body cells including muscles, glands, nerves, and other neurons
The human brain has about 85 billion neurons
These neurons help in coordinating all the basic functions of life such as walking, breathing, and responding to pain or discomfort in any part of the body. when our hand suddenly touches a hot surface nerve cells in hand immediately send a pain message to the brain,
after receiving this message, the brain sends a message to the hand muscles and moves your hand away from the hot surface All these tasks are performed by neurons so quickly that we do not even feel pain In short, everything we think or do would not be possible without neurons.
The brain chip made by NeuralLink has a diameter of 23 mm which is slightly less than one coin
Fine wires from the chip about the size of a quarter of a human hair reach into the brain
These wires are equipped with 1,024 electrodes capable of monitoring brain activity and can also stimulate the brain through electrical signals Each electrode can be connected to 1,000 to 10,000 neurons
Nerve signals generated in the brain as a result of a thought or action can be read through these electrodes Similarly, these electrodes can also transmit an external message to the brain.
Older Neuralink device designs included a bean-shaped device that was implanted behind the ear But the design was very complicated and since you had to have a permanent device installed behind your ear, it is visible on the outside.
So it was designed as a coin to be inserted directly into the brain
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Another advantage was that the signals generated in the brain could be read much better inside the head. These signals will be transmitted wirelessly from the chip to an external computer and the computer will respond to the received signals In addition, scientists will be able to study the data of these signals The chip can be fully charged overnight via wireless charging. Neurons of people suffering from neurological disorders they are unable to send signals to some nerves or other neurons which makes their body unable to give any specific answer.
For example, when a paralyzed person in a wheelchair wants to move his wheelchair in a certain direction his brain will generate a particular signal for his hands. But due to illness, the signal does not reach the hands and so his hands cannot move the cart In that case, this neural link brain chip can be used as a connection between the human brain and the wheelchair
This brain chip will read these signals generated in the brain and send them to an external computer.
By connecting this computer to a wheelchair The wheelchair can be moved in an automated manner using received signals. It is similar to our computer, which receives instructions from the keyboard or mouse If we use this technology, it will be able to obtain it directly from the human brain and thus we will be able to use the computer without a keyboard and mouse
Moreover, if the paralyzed person needs something through this technology, hands-free
he will be able to send a message related to his need to any other person using his mobile phone only through his mind. Or it can send this message to the computer.
Various devices such as lights, fans, air conditioners, or other electrical devices can be connected to the computer a paralyzed person can control his thoughts through this neural connection technology.
Elon Musk has claimed that neural connection technology can cure tinnitus by 2027.
Tinnitus is a neurological condition in which the patient hears various sounds in the ears
when these sounds don’t actually exist. In addition, this brain chip will be able to address memory loss, blindness, deafness to paralysis, depression, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, and other neurological diseases. On the other hand, when this brain-machine interface matures
human intelligence and learning will increase manifold thanks to it.
Climbing rocks without fear, creating music and lyrics in your head, seeing radar beams with superhuman vision, transferring your skills and languages directly to your brain using a computer, and curing countless mental illnesses.
These are just some of the applications that Elon Musk and his company’s scientists believe will one day emerge as a result of this project.
The company says that in the future, the number of electrodes attached to a brain chip will increase from 1,024 to 3,000,
but scientists consider basic science and logic to be correct.
So far, Neuralink’s chip has been successfully tested on monkeys and other animals so far human trials are yet to be performed this phase is expected to begin by the end of 2022 and this is subject to approval by the appropriate regulatory authorities of the United States of America.
Until now, the US regulatory body FDA classifies Elon Musk Neuralink Brain Chip as a class III medical device,
which is the most difficult or dangerous category Before human trials can begin, Neuralink must successfully complete the FDA’s rigorous regulatory reviews. For approval, the company must provide complete clinical trial data from animal testing to justify proceeding to the next step in a judicious manner Because some monkeys died during Neuralink’s monkey testing therefore, this project also draws criticism for its animal welfare policies
For this reason, the approval process for human brain trials can take some time.
Regulators are also tasked with looking for potential unintended adverse outcomes or side effects of devices It will also be attractive to what extent it is possible to remove or repair the device when it malfunctions, and with this chip in the brain, how the risk of brain injury or infection will be managed.
After FDA approval, Elon Musk Neuralink Brain Chip will enroll human volunteers and proceed to the next round of trials.
How long it will take for the device to be commercially available and how much it will cost is still an estimate.
Friends, Elon Musk has always had a unique mindset and his projects are very different in utility.
This neural connection project of his will undoubtedly leads to a scientific and medical revolution when completed.